Have you smiled today? Chances are that if you haven’t, you are feeling less attractive. There are so many benefits of smiling, and the best being that smiling does really improve our overall health, by boosting our immune system. As smiling is an involuntary process, livening up to events that bring us joy, choosing to smile is often seen as a conscious thing, many people all over the world, sadly, avoid smiling, even when it comes calling. But even so, consciously, we can avoid smiling, especially if we think that our dental health is not at par. Specifically, severe dental fluorosis is one that hampers us from smiling, aware of the psychological effect that we get when segregated by our peers, when our teeth are so charred by excess fluoridation. Fluorosis is a cosmetic condition that effects the teeth. It occurs during the first eight years of life. It is at this juncture when most permanent teeth are being formed.

Causes of Fluorosis

Primarily, fluorosis is caused by intake of inappropriate amounts of fluoride in fluoride containing products such as toothpastes. Most often, children like the taste of fluoride in toothpastes so much that they and end up swallowing it rather than spitting it, meaning that much of it than needed ends up building up in the body and will bring about fluorosis, if here are no mitigation measures put in place. We are likely to get exposed to high levels of fluoride in community water points. Fluoride occurs naturally in water, and when the recommended daily range are exceeded, we are at a higher risk of developing severe fluorosis. Where drinking water has fluoride content higher than two parts per million, it is advisable to get drinking water from other sources.

But just how many people stare into this cosmetic condition? Fluorosis affects nearly one in every four Americans ages six to forty nine. It is most prevalent in those ages twelve to fifteen. The vast majority of cases are mild, and only about two percent are considered “moderate.” Less than one percent are “severe.” But researchers have also observed that since the mid-1980s, the prevalence of fluorosis in children ages twelve to fifteen has increased. Although fluorosis is not a disease, its effects can be psychologically distressing and difficult to treat. Parental vigilance can play an important role in preventing fluorosis.

Effects of dental fluorosis

The effect of dental fluorosis can be described as follows; it is questionable when the enamel shows slight changes ranging from a few white flecks to occasional white spots. It is described as very mild if there are small opaque paper-white areas scattered over less than 25% of the tooth surface. Mild fluorosis will usually present when there are white opaque areas on the surface are more extensive but still affect less than 50% of the surface .It is moderate if there are white opaque areas affecting more than 50% of the enamel surface. In severe fluorosis, all enamel surfaces are affected. The teeth also have pitting that may be discrete or may run together. We will restrict ourselves to severe fluorosis because it is most noticeable and bring about most social psychological harm in most people who get it.

The most noticeable effect of dental fluorosis is teeth discoloration. The psychosocial harm it brings about means that people who suffer from this condition feel singled out, especially when there is no support around them, or when people do not understand why their teeth are discolored and do not look like them. It is surprisingly weird not to be able to smile freely, or to laugh to a joke because we are going to be judged by how charred our teeth look. Where teeth discoloration is not treated, it is because people do not know about the available treatment options. Imagine not being free to mingle, choose a partner or close yourself behind doors wanting no physical interaction with others because of severe dental fluorosis. Are there treatment options for severe dental fluorosis?

Treatment of Dental Fluorosis

Treatment for dental fluorosis will tend to mask the black spots, the damaged part of the enamel. Teeth whitening is the most common form of treatment and there are different products like teeth whitening gels, strips, toothpaste and even bleaching. We do not advise bleaching because it may temporarily make the appearance of fluorosis worse. All these efforts to whiten teeth will either work to change the intrinsic color or by removing and controlling the formation of extrinsic stains caused by dental fluorosis. Dental veneers (sometimes called porcelain veneers or dental porcelain laminates) are wafer-thin, custom-made shells of tooth-colored materials designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your appearance, and they are also an excellent option for fluorosis treatment. 


MI Paste, a calcium phosphate product is also a preferable treatment. Combined with other methods like micro abrasion, it is effective in minimizing tooth discoloration. There are so many options out there to reclaim your white teeth, even bonding does work. In bonding, your teeth are coated with hard resin that bonds to the enamel, again masking discoloration.


How can you prevent dental fluorosis? Parental vigilance is the key to preventing fluorosis .if your water comes from a public system, your doctor or dentist — as well as your local water authority or public health department — can tell you how much fluoride is in it. If you rely on well water or bottled water, your public health department or a local laboratory can analyze its fluoride content. Once you know how much fluoride your child is getting from drinking water and other sources such as fruit juices and soft drinks, you can work with your dentist to decide whether or not your child should have a fluoride supplement. At home, keep all fluoride-containing products such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and supplements out of the reach of young children.

If you are overly worried about the negative effects dental fluorosis could be causing you, worry no more. You can explore the above treatment options with your dentist, and could as well get other useful dental oral health benefits. Visit your dentist today for a complete makeover. It will, at the very least, improve how your teeth look like, and will help you win over dental fluorosis. If you have white teeth, you will bossy your self-esteem and are likely to smile more often. Smiling often has so many benefits, remember. I hope you find this quite useful. As always, stay healthy.